Coimbra: 65 km from Quinta da Cotovia
In former times Coimbra was occupied by the Celts, but it was the Romans who changed the region culturally. Their presence is maintained in different remains in the Machado de Castro museum Museu Nacional, built above the crypto porch of Civita Aeminium, the forum of the Roman city. Then came the West Goths between 586 and 640 and changed the name of the city in Emínio. In 711, the moors and Muslim city. In 1064, it is conquered by the Christian Fernando Magno and has the Arab Sesnando as Governor.
The most important city South of the Douro River is for some time residence of the Count d. Henrique and d. Teresa, parents of the first King of Portugal, d. Afonso Henriques, who was born here in Coimbra.
By his actions the city comes in 1131 back in Portuguese hands.
Some of the most important buildings in the city date back to that time: the Sé Velha (old Cathedral) and the Church Igreja de São Tiago, Igreja de São Salvador and Igreja Santa Cruz; they represent the religious authority and the several orders that are in Coimbra. In Coimbra also played the forbidden love between d. Pedro I (1357-67) and Empress Consort d. Inês.
In the 17th century, the Jesuits to the city and marked their presence by building the Sé Nova (New Cathedral). In the following century the city during the reign of d. João V (1706-50) be enriched with some monuments, mainly by the University; and the reign of d. José I (1750-77) brought changes of the hand of the Marquis of Pombal (Marquês de Pombal), mainly in education. In the beginning of the 19th century led the French raids and the Liberal wars in Portugal a troubled period in in which the city itself could hardly develop. Since that time the students have taken and changed her in Coimbra the student city of Portugal.