Leiria: 54 km from Quinta da Cotovia
Leiria has a river, which runs upstream, a tower without Cathedral, a cathedral without Tower, a straight Street that is not right. (folk rhyme)
D. Afonso Henriques, the first Christian conqueror of Leiria in 1135 and founder of the Castle, saw it as an ideal place for a strategic attack to Lisbon, Sintra and Santarém from the Moors in 1147 to conquer, which didn't work either.
During more than half a century would Leiria overrun and destroyed by attacks of the Moorish armies. The final conquest would be at the time of King d. Sancho I, at the end of the 12th century. In 1195 Leiria of this King got her first Charter.
In 1254 d. Afonso III had his first public meeting here in the presence of all the representatives of the municipalities of the Kingdom; This was an important historic event, because it was the first time the people have been complaints to the King could be heard. In the 14th century d. Dinis and his wife d. Isabel, the Holy Queen (Rainha Santa), some times in the Castle, maybe because they found it a pleasant accommodation with wonderful views.
The King ordered the pine forest here Pinhal de Leiria building as protection from the advancing dune sand. The first wild pine that grew here have the wood and resin for the shipbuilding, mainly at the time of the Portuguese voyages of discovery; Today this forest an ideal and pleasant location for a walk. From the medieval castle and the city grew outside the castle walls that was accompanied by the building of the Romanesque church Igreja de São Pedro and then, in the 16th century, with the construction of the Cathedral and the Church Igreja da Misericórdia. The city stretches down to the river Rio Lis and its tree-lined banks contained many religious buildings.